Sunday, March 2, 2008

Vores helt egne ord!

Oxford har jo som bekendt udgivet en Qxford Dictionary of Science Fiction, hvor de ord som vi bruger indefor i vores verden gennemgås og forklares. Denne tilsyneladende lette oplistning er frugten af et endu ikke afsluttet sprogarbejde. For hvem sagde disse ord først, hvor henne? Og med hvilken betydning? . Har denne betydning udviklet sig henover tid?

Dette lingvistiske aspekt interesserer ikke bare mig, også (og især) Jesse Sheidlower, Editor at Large på Oxford English Dictionary har sammen med Jeff Prucher og Malcolm Farmer lagt denne forskning op online – med opfordring til at hjælpe til!

Her kan man finde ud af at jo, det VAR Gene Roddenbarry der fandt på en ”Phaser”. Faktisk i 1976 – i et brev. Før da var dette ord ikke i det engelske sprog...

Andre ord, som for eksempel rumsyge, ”Space Sick,” som adjektiv, kommer fra H Gernsbacks roman Ralph 124C41+ tilbage fra 1929 og kommer igen fra navneordsbrugen i G. C. Wallis & B. Wallis “The Star Shell” (1926).

Vort store ord Science Fiction kommer fra W. Wilson “Little Earnest Book upon a Great Old Subject” (helt tilbage fra 1851 såmænd!). Næste gang vi ser ordet er i 1927, i T O Sloanes redaktionelle kommentarer i et nummer af Amazing. Osv.

Men præcist hvor meget man kan finde ud af vha deres hjemmeside og disse ord, kan jeg illustrere ved ordet planetside. Her siger hjemmesiden:

Planetside (adj), antedating D. Knights ”Stranger Station”, 1956. Occurring on the surface of a planet.

Full record for planetside adj.
Definition: occurring on the surface of a planet
OED requirements: antedating 1956
Earliest cite: D. Knight 'Stranger Station'

E.g. 'a planetside war'. Mike Christie submitted a cite from a 1980 reprint of Orson Scott Card's story "And What Will We Do Tomorrow?" in "Capitol". Mike Christie submitted a cite from a 1977 reprint of Andre Norton's 1968 "The Zero Stone". Douglas Winston submitted a 1988 cite from L.E. Modesitt, Jr.'s "In Endless Twilight". Douglas Winston submitted a cite from a 1992 reprint of Timothy Zahn's 1991 "Heir to the Empire". Douglas Winston submitted a 1963 cite from H. Beam Piper's "Space Viking". Michael Dolbear submitted a cite from a 2001 reprint of Elizabeth Moon's 2000 "Against the Odds". Michael Dolbear submitted a cite from a 1994 reprint of David Weber's 1993 "On Basilisk Station". Douglas Winston submitted a cite for the form "planet-side" from a 1985 reprint of Andre Norton's 1955 "Sargasso of Space"; Mike Christie verified this from a 1957 reprint. Fred Galvin submitted a 1956 cite from Damon Knight's "Stranger Station".

Citations for planetside adj.

1955 P. J. Farmer Father in Mag. Fantasy & Sci. Fiction July 4/1

that had not changed since the Twenty-First Century. Though it was well known that he felt a little ridiculous when he wore it planet-side, when he was on his ship he walked as a man clad in armor.

1955 ‘A. North’ Sargasso of Space ii. 22

The voyage to Naxos was routine. And the frontier world where they set down at its end was enough like Terra to be unexciting too. Not that Dane got any planet-side leave.

1956 D. Knight Stranger Station in Mag. Fantasy & Sci. Fiction Dec. 11/1

Wesson had been a space-dweller for most of his adult life, and knew even in his bones that if an orbital station ever collapsed, the ‘under’ part would not be crushed but would be hurled away by its own angular momentum. This was not the oppressiveness of planetside buildings, where the looming mass above you seemed always threatening to fall: this was something else, completely distinct, and impossible to argue away.

1959 D. A. Wollheim Secret of Ninth Planet 37

Completing the members of the expedition was another trio chosen to act as general crew, medical and commissary men while in flight, and as a trained explorer-fighter unit while on planetside.

1959 H. Ellison Run for Stars in Touch of Infinity 41

Every able-bodied man had been sent planetside to search for the bomb.

1963 H. B. Piper Space Viking 35

And his having the blazonry changed, from the sword-and-atom symbol to the blue
crescent. And the ill-feeling on the part of other captains and planet-side employers about the men he'd lured away from them.

1968 A. Norton Zero Stone (1977) 140

Though they wore the conventional planetside dress of any crewmen, coveralls and
boots, those had no insignia on breast or collar.

1974 J. Haldeman Forever War (1997) 204

The troops weren't happy with my decision to construct the anti-spacecraft and perimeter defenses before putting up living quarters. That was by the book, though, and they got two days of shipboard rest for every ‘day’ planetside—which wasn't overly generous, I admit, since ship days were 24 hours long, and a day on the planet was 38.5 hours from dawn to dawn.

1978 P. Anderson Avatar (1981) 270

‘No, you went planetside.’‘Precisely because I am an expendable.’

1979 O. S. Card And what will we do Tomorrow? (1980) 182

He bloodied himself in a dozen planetside wars, sent fleets here and there at his command, but it was I who made the plans‥I who fired the starships and sent them on their way.

1979 B. Longyear in Isaac Asimov's Sci. Fiction Mag. Mar. 138

The rules for visiting planetside are being observed, aren't they?

1988 L. E. Modesitt, Jr. In Endless Twilight 213

Gerswin ignored the Imperial byplay, since neither corvette could fire again without risking planetside damage.

1990 A. McCaffrey & J. L. Nye Death of Sleep (1992) 7

During her remaining days planetside, she had turned over her laboratory work to
a co-worker.

1991 T. Zahn Star Wars: Heir to Empire (1992) 98

Communications stations flared and went black; planetside industrial targets flared, went dark, then flared again as secondary fires were ignited.

1992 P. David Imzadi v. 35,

I really am a sleaze. I've been back planetside a few times‥but I never saw you. Never tried to contact you.

1992 P. David Imzadi (1993) 35,

I've been back planetside a few times‥but I never saw you.

1993 D. Weber On Basilisk Station (1994) 106

Merchant houses started establishing local planetside offices to manage their part of the network as it grew.

1999 M.J. Friedman My Brother's Keeper ii. i. 7

It was only customary to do so when a crewman lacked family and friends planetside.

2000 E. Moon Against Odds (2001) 313

The planetside headquarters of the Regular Space Service comprised a warren of buildings that radiated from the back of the Ministry of Defense.

2003 Interzone Apr. 58/1

And then, again in 2400, but this time planetside, at New Venusport, we encounter Tig Vesicle, a kind of quasi-alien called a New Man, who runs a tank farm wherein is hiding Ed Chianese, a low-life ne'er-do-well who would rather avoid trouble than face it, and as a consequence creates more problems than he solves.

2006 S. M. Stirling Sky People i. 36

Anyone who thought they could forbid liquor traffic in an organization founded by Russians was crazy. That didn't stop Security from trying, of course, and even trying to prevent people from making their own untaxed hooch down planetside, which showed you how in touch with reality they were.

Gå selv på opdagelse, her er adressen...

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